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Substance Abuse
and Mental Health
Data Archive

SAMHDA is a one-stop shop for SAMHSA public use data with online analysis tools. Learn more about different types of data files, what data are available as free downloadable PUFs, and what online analysis systems are available on the site.

Mental Health Services for Adults with Serious Mental Illness, 2015-2019

Race/Ethnicity Compared
Percentages receiving services Race/Ethnicity
Total Race/Ethnicity: Total
Type of Service: Any
Percent: 65%
Standard Error: 0.6%
American Indian or Alaska Native Race/Ethnicity: American Indian or Alaska Native
Type of Service: Any
Percent: Low precision; No estimate reported.
Standard Error: Low precision; No estimate reported.
Asian Race/Ethnicity: Asian
Type of Service: Any
Percent: 44%
Standard Error: 3.7%
Black or African American Race/Ethnicity: Black or African American
Type of Service: Any
Percent: 55%
Standard Error: 2.0%
Hispanic or Latino Race/Ethnicity: Hispanic or Latino
Type of Service: Any
Percent: 57%
Standard Error: 1.8%
White Race/Ethnicity: White
Type of Service: Any
Percent: 69%
Standard Error: 0.6%
Two or More Races Race/Ethnicity: Two or More Races
Type of Service: Any
Percent: 62%
Standard Error: 3.0%
Race/Ethnicity Compared
Percentages receiving services Race/Ethnicity
Total Race/Ethnicity: Total
Type of Service: Prescription Medication
Percent: 57%
Standard Error: 0.6%
American Indian or Alaska Native Race/Ethnicity: American Indian or Alaska Native
Type of Service: Prescription Medication
Percent: Low precision; No estimate reported.
Standard Error: Low precision; No estimate reported.
Asian Race/Ethnicity: Asian
Type of Service: Prescription Medication
Percent: 32%
Standard Error: 3.5%
Black or African American Race/Ethnicity: Black or African American
Type of Service: Prescription Medication
Percent: 45%
Standard Error: 1.9%
Hispanic or Latino Race/Ethnicity: Hispanic or Latino
Type of Service: Prescription Medication
Percent: 48%
Standard Error: 1.9%
White Race/Ethnicity: White
Type of Service: Prescription Medication
Percent: 62%
Standard Error: 0.7%
Two or More Races Race/Ethnicity: Two or More Races
Type of Service: Prescription Medication
Percent: 52%
Standard Error: 3.1%
Race/Ethnicity Compared
Percentages receiving services Race/Ethnicity
Total Race/Ethnicity: Total
Type of Service: Outpatient
Percent: 44%
Standard Error: 0.6%
American Indian or Alaska Native Race/Ethnicity: American Indian or Alaska Native
Type of Service: Outpatient
Percent: 41%
Standard Error: 4.9%
Asian Race/Ethnicity: Asian
Type of Service: Outpatient
Percent: 35%
Standard Error: 3.5%
Black or African American Race/Ethnicity: Black or African American
Type of Service: Outpatient
Percent: 41%
Standard Error: 2.0%
Hispanic or Latino Race/Ethnicity: Hispanic or Latino
Type of Service: Outpatient
Percent: 37%
Standard Error: 1.8%
White Race/Ethnicity: White
Type of Service: Outpatient
Percent: 46%
Standard Error: 0.7%
Two or More Races Race/Ethnicity: Two or More Races
Type of Service: Outpatient
Percent: 43%
Standard Error: 3.1%
Race/Ethnicity Compared
Percentages receiving services Race/Ethnicity
Total Race/Ethnicity: Total
Type of Service: Inpatient
Percent: 7%
Standard Error: 0.3%
American Indian or Alaska Native Race/Ethnicity: American Indian or Alaska Native
Type of Service: Inpatient
Percent: 6%
Standard Error: 2.1%
Asian Race/Ethnicity: Asian
Type of Service: Inpatient
Percent: 6%
Standard Error: 1.6%
Black or African American Race/Ethnicity: Black or African American
Type of Service: Inpatient
Percent: 9%
Standard Error: 1.1%
Hispanic or Latino Race/Ethnicity: Hispanic or Latino
Type of Service: Inpatient
Percent: 9%
Standard Error: 1.2%
White Race/Ethnicity: White
Type of Service: Inpatient
Percent: 7%
Standard Error: 0.3%
Two or More Races Race/Ethnicity: Two or More Races
Type of Service: Inpatient
Percent: 6%
Standard Error: 1.1%
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Percentage Receiving Services in Past Year

Race/Ethnicity

Type of Mental Health Service:

Race/Ethnicity Compared
Percentages receiving services Race/Ethnicity
Total 65%  
American Indian or Alaska Native Low precision; No estimate reported.
Asian 44%  
Black or African American 55%  
Hispanic or Latino 57%  
White 69%  
Two or More Races 62%  

Race/Ethnicity Compared
Percentages receiving services Race/Ethnicity
Total 57%  
American Indian or Alaska Native Low precision; No estimate reported.
Asian 32%  
Black or African American 45%  
Hispanic or Latino 48%  
White 62%  
Two or More Races 52%  

Race/Ethnicity Compared
Percentages receiving services Race/Ethnicity
Total 44%  
American Indian or Alaska Native 41%  
Asian 35%  
Black or African American 41%  
Hispanic or Latino 37%  
White 46%  
Two or More Races 43%  

Race/Ethnicity Compared
Percentages receiving services Race/Ethnicity
Total 7%  
American Indian or Alaska Native 6%  
Asian 6%  
Black or African American 9%  
Hispanic or Latino 9%  
White 7%  
Two or More Races 6%  
Datasets

Work With SAMHSA Data

Data We Collect

Research shows that substance use and mental illnesses are common in the United States, affecting millions of people each year. SAMHSA collects data through multiple sources and surveys and provides access to public-use data files and documentation to support a better understanding of mental illness and substance use disorders in America.

If you would like to read descriptions of the different surveys, please check out the Data Sources page.

Publications With SAMHSA Data

The SAMHDA list of publications provides quick access to a bibliography of the peer-reviewed studies that have used SAMHSA data to advance the field of research related to mental health and substance use.

See Publications

Data Source Finder

Not sure where to start? Use the Data Source Finder to learn about SAMHSA data sources and to find relevant public-use files.

Ongoing Studies

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Mental Health Data

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Substance Use Data

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N-MHSS

The National Mental Health Services Survey (N-MHSS) collects statistics on the services and characteristics of mental health treatment facilities across the U.S. The annual survey reports national- and state-level data on both public and private specialty mental health treatment facilities. This includes psychiatric hospitals; nonfederal general hospitals with separate psychiatric units; U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers; residential treatment centers for children and for adults; community mental health centers; outpatient, day treatment, or partial hospitalization mental health facilities; and multi-setting (nonhospital) mental health facilities. This survey is a companion to the National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS).


MH-CLD

Mental Health Client-Level Data (MH-CLD) and the Mental Health Treatment Episode Data Set (MH-TEDS) provide data from state mental health agencies. This includes information on mental health diagnoses and also treatment outcomes, demographics, and substance use characteristics for individuals in mental health treatment services that report to state administrative data systems.


NSDUH

The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), formerly the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, is an annual survey conducted since 1990. NSDUH measures the use of illegal drugs, prescription drugs, alcohol, and tobacco, and the misuse of prescription drugs. It also measures substance use disorders and mental health care. Estimates are provided at the national, state, and local level and can be used to follow trends in substance use and mental health.


NSDUH

The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), formerly the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, is an annual survey conducted since 1990. NSDUH measures the use of illegal drugs, prescription drugs, alcohol, and tobacco, and the misuse of prescription drugs. It also measures substance use disorders and mental health care. Estimates are provided at the national, state, and local level and can be used to follow trends in substance use and mental health.


NSDUH

The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), formerly the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, is an annual survey conducted since 1990. NSDUH measures the use of illegal drugs, prescription drugs, alcohol, and tobacco, and the misuse of prescription drugs. It also measures substance use disorders and mental health care. Estimates are provided at the national, state, and local level and can be used to follow trends in substance use and mental health.


DAWN

The Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) is a nationally representative public health surveillance system that monitors drug-related visits to hospital emergency departments (ED). DAWN is used to monitor trends in substance use and misuse, emerging new substances and combinations, as well as to estimate the impact of substance use on the nation’s healthcare system. Data for ED visits include demographics, substances involved, toxicology confirmation, route of administration, type of case, and disposition of the patient following their visit.


TEDS-A

The Treatment Episode Data Set–Admissions (TEDS-A) is a national data system of annual admissions to substance use treatment facilities. Some states report only publicly funded admissions, while other states collect privately funded admissions from facilities that receive public funding. The data include demographics on all available admissions for clients ages 12 and over as well as substance use characteristics such as substances used, age at first use, and route of use.


TEDS-D

The Treatment Episode Data Set–Discharges (TEDS-D) reports information on annual discharges from substance use treatment facilities. Some states report only publicly funded admissions, while other states collect privately funded admissions from facilities that receive public funding. The data include demographics on all available admissions for clients ages 12 and over as well as substance use characteristics such as substances used, age at first use, and route of use.


N-SSATS

The National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS) is a census designed to collect information from all substance use treatment facilities in the 50 states, Washington, DC, and the U.S. territories. Facilities included are both public and private, and the yearly data collection aims to characterize and quantify the current state of the U.S. substance use treatment delivery system.


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Select Dates for N-MHSS

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State Estimates

State and Substate Estimates

The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) Small Area Estimates displays the prevalence of mental health or substance use issues within a geographic area. Use this tool to compare between areas, look at how the outcome has changed over time, or compare the data to related issues.

Visualize State DataVisualize Substate Regional Data
DAS

Data Analysis Systems

Use the Data Analysis System (DAS) to run a quick analysis, or cross-tabulation. Download and save results as a PNG or CSV file. View the Get Help section to get started.

Release and Help content

Latest Data Release

NSDUH 2022 Public-Use File Available on DAS
Published Date:

The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) 2022 public-use fileis the latest in the NSDUH series and available to analyze in the Data Analysis System. NSDUH is the primary source of statistical information on the use of tobacco, alcohol, prescription drugs, and illicit drugs by the U.S. civilian, noninstitutionalized population aged 12 or older. The survey also includes several series of questions that focus on mental health issues.

Need Help?

We have the following resources to help you find the data you need:

  • Visit the Get Help section to browse FAQs.
  • See descriptions of all our studies on the Data Sources page.
  • Browse the DAS Step-by-Step guide to get started with the tool.
  • View the NSDUH RDAS codebooks and documentation to learn about the structure, contents, and layout of data files, including variables.
  • Not sure where to start? Use the to find a relevant data set.