National Substance Use and Mental Health Services Survey (N-SUMHSS) Substance Use and Mental Health Treatment Facilities Data
The N-SUMHSS is an annual survey that collects data from all public and private facilities providing substance use and mental health treatment in the United States, its territories and the District of Columbia. The objectives of the N-SUMHSS are to:
Collect data that can be used to assist SAMHSA and state and local governments in understanding the current services provided and forecasting treatment resources.
Update SAMHSA’s Inventory of Substance Use and Mental Health Treatment Facilities (I-TF).
The N-SUMHSS collects three types of information from facilities:
Characteristics of individual facilities, such as types of treatment provided and services offered (assessment, counseling, pharmacotherapies used, testing, transitional, and ancillary services), operation of the facility (public or private), special programs or groups provided for specific client types, client outreach, and payment options.
Client count information, such as counts of clients served by service type and number of beds designated for treatment (collected every other year).
General information such as licensure, certification, or accreditation and facility website availability.
The Inventory of Substance Use and Mental Health Treatment Facilities (I-TF) is the list for the N-SUMHSS. The following types of substance use and mental health treatment facilities are included in the N-SUMHSS:
Psychiatric, general, and state hospitals,
Veteran Affairs medical centers,
Certified community behavioral health clinics,
Partial hospitalization/day treatment facilities,
Residential treatment centers for both children and adults,
Multi-setting mental health facilities,
Community mental health centers, and
Other types of residential treatment that provide individually planned programs of mental health treatment services in a residential care setting.
Geographic Coverage: United States and jurisdictions
Data Types: Survey Data
Universe: Facilities across the United States and its territories, including all active treatment facilities on SAMHSA’s Inventory of Substance Use and Mental Health Treatment Facilities (I-TF) and additional facilities provided by state substance use agencies
The N-SUMHSS is a component of SAMHSA’s Behavioral Health Services Information System (BHSIS). The core of BHSIS is the I-TF, a continuously updated, comprehensive listing of all known substance use treatment facilities and mental health treatment facilities.
Facilities in the I-TF fall into two categories:
Treatment facilities approved by state substance use and/or mental health agencies: Most facilities in the I-TF are licensed, certified, or otherwise approved by the state substance use and/or mental health agencies to provide substance use and/or mental health treatment.
Treatment facilities not approved by state substance use and/or mental health agencies: Since the mid-1990s, SAMHSA has worked to make the I-TF as comprehensive as possible by including treatment facilities that state substance use and/or mental health agencies, for a variety of reasons, do not fund, license, or certify.
As with any data collection effort, limitations must be taken into account when interpreting data from the N-SUMHSS.
The N-SUMHSS is a voluntary survey, and while it attempts to obtain responses from all known treatment facilities, some facilities do not respond. The data are not adjusted for facility nonresponse.
The N-SUMHSS is a point-prevalence survey. Client counts reported do not represent annual totals. Rather, the N-SUMHSS provides a “snapshot” of substance use and mental health treatment facilities and clients on an average day.
Multiple responses are allowed for certain variables (e.g., services provided and specialized programs). Tabulations of these variables include the total number of facilities reporting each response.
For methodological information for a particular year or date range, please check the codebook for a specific data set from the sidebar to the right.