National Mental Health Services Survey (N-MHSS-2017)

Parent Series Details:

The National Mental Health Services Survey (N-MHSS) is an annual survey designed to collect statistical information on the services and characteristics of all known mental health treatment facilities within the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. territories. In every other year, beginning in 2014, the survey also collects statistical information on the numbers and demographic characteristics of persons served in these treatment facilities as of a specified survey reference date.

The N-MHSS is the only source of national and State-level data on the mental health service delivery system reported by both publicly-operated and privately-operated specialty mental health treatment facilities, including: public and private psychiatric hospitals; non-federal general hospitals with separate psychiatric units; U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers; residential treatment centers for children and for adults; community mental health centers; outpatient or day treatment or partial hospitalization mental health facilities; and multi-setting (non-hospital) mental health facilities.

The N-MHSS complements the information collected through SAMHSA's survey of substance abuse treatment facilities, the National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS). Treatment facility Information from the N-MHSS is used to populate the mental health component of SAMHSA's online Behavioral Health Treatment Services Locator.

 


Study Details:

The 2017 National Mental Health Services Survey (N-MHSS ) was conducted from March 2017 through December 2017. The N-MHSS collects information from all known facilities in the United States, both public and private, that provide mental health treatment services to people with mental illness.1 The Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (CBHSQ) of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, plans and directs the N-MHSS.

The N-MHSS provides a mechanism for quantifying the dynamic character and composition of the U.S. mental health treatment delivery system. It is the only source of national- and state-level data on the mental health services delivery system reported by both publicly and privately operated specialty mental health treatment facilities. The N-MHSS is designed to collect data on the location, characteristics, and utilization of organized mental health treatment services for facilities within the scope of the survey throughout the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and other jurisdictionss.2 The N-MHSS complements, but does not duplicate, the information collected through SAMHSA’s survey of substance abuse treatment facilities, the National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS).

The objective of the N-MHSS is to collect data that can be used to:

  • assist SAMHSA and state and local governments in assessing the nature and extent of services provided in state-funded, state-operated, and private non-profit and for-profit mental health treatment facilities, and in forecasting mental health treatment resource requirements;
  • update SAMHSA’s Inventory of Behavioral Health Services (I-BHS), an inventory of all known mental health and substance abuse treatment facilities in the United States, which can be used as a frame for future surveys of these facilities;
  • describe the nature and scope of mental health treatment services and conduct comparative analyses for the nation and states; and
  • update the information in the mental health component of SAMHSA’s online Behavioral Health Treatment Services Locator, which includes a searchable database of public and private facilities for the provision of mental health treatment. The Locator is available at https://findtreatment. samhsa.gov.

Study Scope

Time period: 
2017
Collection date: 
03/2017-12/2017
Geographic coverage : 
United States
Data types: 
survey data
Universe: 
2017 N-MHSS included 14,646 facilities across the United States and other jurisdictions
Subject Terms: 
  • mental health
  • mental health services
  • treatment facilities
  • treatment programs

Study Methodology

Mode of data collection: 
mail questionnaire
Extent of processing: 
  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Created online analysis version with question text.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.