National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services 2019 (N-SSATS-2019)

Parent Series Details:

The National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS) is an annual census designed to collect information from all facilities within the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. territories, both public and private, that provide substance abuse treatment. N-SSATS provides the mechanism for quantifying the dynamic character and composition of the United States substance abuse treatment delivery system.

Designed to collect data based on the location of the facility, the objectives of N-SSATS are (1) Collect multipurpose data that can be used to assist the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and state and local governments in assessing the nature and extent of services provided and in forecasting treatment resource requirements; (2) Update SAMHSA’s Inventory of Behavioral Health Services (I-BHS); (3) Analyze general treatment services trends; (4) Generate the online Behavioral Health Treatment Services Locator and the National Directory of Drug and Alcohol Abuse Treatment Programs.

N-SSATS collects three types of information from facilities: (1) characteristics of individual facilities such as types of treatment provided and services offered (assessment, counseling, pharmacotherapies used, testing, transitional, and ancillary services), operation of the facility (public or private), special programs or groups provided for specific client types, client outreach, and payment options; (2) client count information (based on a survey reference date) such as counts of clients served by service type and number of beds designated for treatment (collected only in “odd” years); and (3) general information such as licensure, certification, or accreditation and facility website availability.

 


Study Details:

The 2019 National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS) was conducted between March and December 2019, with a reference date of March 29, 2019. It is the 42nd in a series of national surveys begun in the 1970s. The surveys were designed to collect data on the location, characteristics, and use of alcohol and drug abuse treatment facilities and services throughout the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and other jurisdictions. The Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (CBHSQ) of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, plans and directs the N-SSATS.

N-SSATS is designed to collect information from all facilities in the United States, both public and private, that provide substance abuse treatment. 

N-SSATS provides a mechanism for quantifying the dynamic characteristics and composition of the U.S. substance abuse treatment delivery system. N-SSATS collects multipurpose data used to:

  • assist SAMHSA and state and local governments in assessing the nature and extent of services provided in state-supported and other substance abuse treatment facilities and in forecasting substance abuse treatment resource requirements;
  • update SAMHSA’s Inventory of Behavioral Health Services (I-BHS), which includes all known drug and alcohol abuse treatment facilities, both public and private;
  • analyze substance abuse treatment services trends and conduct comparative analyses for the nation, regions, and states;
  • generate the National Directory of Drug and Alcohol Abuse Treatment Facilities, a compendium of facilities approved by state substance abuse agencies for the provision of substance abuse treatment; and
  • update the information in SAMHSA’s Behavioral Health Treatment Services Locator, a searchable database of facilities that provide treatment. The Treatment Services Locator is available on the Internet at: https://findtreatment.samhsa.gov

Study Scope

Time period: 
2019
Collection date: 
March 29, 2019 through December 17, 2019
Geographic coverage : 
United States
Unit of observation: 
N-SSATS is designed to collect data from each physical location where treatment services are provided.
Data types: 
survey data
Universe: 
The 2019 N-SSATS facility universe totaled 19,795 facilities, including all 17,421 active treatment facilities on SAMHSA’s I-BHS at a point four weeks before the survey reference date, and 2,374 facilities that were added by state substance abuse agencies
Notes: 

Data Considerations and Limitations

As with any data collection effort, certain procedural considerations and data limitations must be taken into account when interpreting data from the 2019 N-SSATS.

  • N-SSATS attempts to obtain responses from all known treatment facilities, but it is a voluntary survey. There was no adjustment for the 9 percent facility non-response.
  • N-SSATS is a point-prevalence survey. It provides information on the substance abuse treatment system and its clients on the reference date. Client counts reported do not represent annual totals. Rather, N-SSATS provides a “snapshot” of substance abuse treatment facilities and clients on an average day.
  • Multiple responses were allowed for certain variables (e.g., services provided and specialized programs). Tabulations of these variables include the total number of facilities reporting each response.

Study Methodology

Mode of data collection: 
Web, mail, and telephone questionnaire